Phlebotomy is the process of making an incision in a vein with a needle. A person who performs phlebotomy is called a "phlebotomist". A Phlebotomist not only collects blood but also sets up blood tests, collects and tests urine samples. The duties of a Phlebotomist do not end there. They are also qualified to help a patient who may experience an adverse reaction to medications or trauma to recover.
The Phlebotomy Technician Certificate programme focuses on cementing theoretical knowledge with sound skill development in proper blood collection methods and techniques. The programme includes both theory and hands-on training. The programme will teach students the concepts of Introduction to Phlebotomy & Infection Control, First Aid & CPR, Legal & Ethical Issues in Healthcare, Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology, Phlebotomy Equipment & Supplies, Phlebotomy Procedures and Special Collection and Point of Care Testing.
At the end of the course the student would be awarded with 3 certificates:
- The Phlebotomy Technician Certificate from the American Medical Certification Association (AMCA)
- The First Aid & CPR from the Emergency Care and Safety Institute
- Blood Borne pathogens from the Emergency Care and Safety Institute
- Professionals who function as a Phlebotomist and seeking certification
- Individuals who are migrating, thereby seeking certification
- Professionals in the medical field who seek to increase their employability e.g. nurses, medical laboratory technicians, dialysis technicians etc.
- Persons who would like to enter the medical field
- 3 CXC O’ Level subjects- Mathematics, English A and Biology (preferably) or any other Science subject
- Alternate route- Emergency First Responder Graduate or Bloodborne and Airborne Pathogens Graduate
- Individual must be 18 years or older
- Phlebotomy Technician
- Dialysis Technician
- Blood Donor Technician
- Medical Laboratory Technician
- Registered Nurse
Upon completion of this course students will be able to:
- Discuss the development of Phlebotomy in the health care setting and the role of the Phlebotomist.
- Explain legal and ethical dilemmas associated with phlebotomy procedures.
- Demonstrate effective communication.
- Identify certifying and regulating agencies associated with Phlebotomy.
- Recommend methods for implementation of quality assurance measures related to Phlebotomy.
- Demonstrate basic understanding of the anatomy and physiology of body systems and anatomic terminology in order to relate major areas of the clinical laboratory to general pathologic conditions associated with the body systems.
- Identify venous anatomy and veins on which Phlebotomy can be performed.
- Identify factors to be considered in venipuncture or skin puncture site selection.
- List the equipment and supplies needed to collect blood by venipuncture and skin puncture.
- Describe the steps in accurate specimen collection and documentation procedures.
- Demonstrate safety rules to be followed by the phlebotomist including universal precautions and handling of biohazardous materials.
- Demonstrate appropriate use of personal protective equipment and explain isolation procedures.
- Identify the additives used in blood collection, how they work and the color coding associated with each type.
- List the order of draw for the evacuated tube system, syringe system and capillary punctures and explain the rationale.
- Describe preanalytical errors that may occur due to inappropriate blood collection and how they may affect the patient or the integrity of the specimen.
- Discuss special collection procedures.
- Perform blood collection using proper techniques and observing universal precautions.
Unit 1: Introduction to Phlebotomy
Number of Classes: 3
- Phlebotomy- past and present
- The role and duties of the phlebotomist in the health care setting
- Legal and ethical issues related to phlebotomy
- Communication and professionalism in healthcare
- National standard and regulatory agencies
- Quality assurance in phlebotomy
- Quality control procedures
- Components of the chain of infection
- Standard and transmission-based precautions
- Identifying hazards in the workplace
- Incident reporting
- Transmission of blood borne and airborne pathogens
Unit 2: the Human Anatomy and Physiology
Number of Classes: 3
- Medical terminology – word elements
- Medical terms and common medical abbreviations
- Joint commission ‘Do not use’ list
- Body positions and body direction terms
- Levels of organization in the body
- Human anatomy and physiology overview- skeletal system, reproductive system, integumentary system, muscular system, digestive system, nervous, system, endocrine system, urinary system and respiratory system.
- The circulatory system
- Functions of blood and types of blood cells.
- Hemostasis and coagulation
Unit 3: Blood Collection Procedures
Number of Classes: 4
- Equipment used in venipuncture
- Additives used in blood collection
- Order of draw
- ETS, syringe and winged infusion set venipuncture procedures
- Site selection
- Venipuncture procedure
- Preanalytical considerations
- Patient complications
- Capillary puncture equipment and procedure
Unit 4: Special Collection and Point of Care Testing
Number of Classes: 3
- Arterial puncture equipment and procedures
- Point of care testing
- Specimen collection, transporting and handling
- Non-blood specimen and tests
- Healthcare computerization
- Pharmacology and the effects on phlebotomy tests
Unit 5: Practical Applications
Number of Classes: 4
||08:00 am to 11:00 am
||Ms. Samantha Alexis
**** On Tuition Fee **** The AMCA Exam Fee of US$109 is not included in the tuition cost above and is paid separately. **** Note- 6 Sunday classes included in the 12-week duration
Session - Saturday (08:00 am to 11:00 am)
||Saturday, March 7, 2020
||Saturday, May 23, 2020
||Saturday, September 12, 2020
||Saturday, November 28, 2020
Participants will undergo a multiple choice and practical assessment at the end of the First Aid, CPR component of the course, and a final practical assessment 2 weeks after at the end of the course which will be a group-based assessment.
Participants will undergo a multiple choice and practical assessment at the end of the Bloodborne and Airborne Pathogens component of the course.
Students would undergo a multiple-choice exam for AMCA Phlebotomy Technician Certificate exam. The examination is done online. Consist of 100 multiple choice questions for 2 hours duration. Your results are given at the end of the exam and would be issued a digital badge which serves as certification. Approximately 2 weeks after exam date the print hardcopy certificates would be issued bearing AMCA certification.
NB: The AMCA exam fee of US$109 must be paid separately and is not included in the tuition cost provided.
A softcopy textbook is given to participants. All worksheets are also provided.
Lecturer Certification Renewals
The First Aid and CPR, Bloodborne and Airborne Pathogens, Phlebotomy Technician certification renewal is required every two (2) years and thus participants are required to be re-certified after second year of attaining their certification.
Each student is required to independently enroll in continuing education courses online via the AMCA.
A holder of a BSc MLT (Medical Laboratory Technology) and over seven years’ experience in the medical field, Samantha Alexis brings with her both theoretical and practical knowledge. Through her many positions, ranging from Medical Laboratory assistant to Medical Laboratory Technician in both private and the public sector she has gained valuable practical skills.
Her continued thirst for knowledge in the field has led her to presently pursue her MSc in Medical Microbiology at the University of the West Indies St. Augustine Campus. This drive coupled with her youthful effervescence makes her not only an effective instructor but also one who can relate to her students.
The programme manager is responsible for the management of the course. If you would like further information or would
like clarification on the course please contact the programme manager.
Mr. Matthew Christian